Bio-Toilets And Its Advantages
Even after 100 years of the invention of the flush toilet, today only 15% of people in the world have a flush toilet. You will be surprised to know that only 3% of the people in India’s rural areas have flush toilets and in cities, it also shrinks to 25%.
Indian Government took a very good step toward “Swachhta Abhiyan”.Indian Railway is famous for the huge network. Daily Lakhs of citizen reach their destination by using rail services. due to this ton of waste collected on railway station and track, the station remains dirty all the time.Indian Railway is performing extraordinary work for the sake of cleanliness at railway station and tracks.
During the Railway Budget 2016-17 in Parliament, former Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu also mentioned Dibrugarh Rajdhani Train. This is the world’s first bio-vacuum toilet, which was introduced by Indian Railways last year.
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Indian Railways have said that its goal is to set up bio-toilets (1,440,000 in all 55,000 coaches under the Clean Rail-Clean India ‘program till 2019). More than 49,000 bio-toilets have been set up by the Indian Railways in the passenger coach till October 31, 2016.
What is a Bio toilet?
Bio toilet is invented by the DRDO (Defense Research and Development Organization)and Indian Railways jointly. Bio-toilets contains anaerobic bacteria in the Biodigester containers which convert human feces into water and gases. Under this process, only the remaining nitrogen gas and water remain after the stools, after which the water can be recycled and used in toilets. These gases are left in the environment whereas contaminated water is left on the tracks after chlorination.
What are the advantages of bio-toilets?
Human stools were left on the rail tracks directly by traditional toilets, causing damage to the metal of railway tracks as well as spreading the dirt in the environment. Now it will not happen.
Sprinkled toilets used to cost at least 10 to 15 liters of water, while vacuum-based biosomel was used in a flush of about half a liter of water. With this, we can save water also.
India’s stations will now become clean and voracious, which is a good step towards preventing many diseases.
The number of mosquito, cockroach, and rats will be reduced at the station and the mice will not be able to open the station from inside.
It is necessary to tell her that almost 50% of the people in the world have pit latrines (pit latrine) where the feces are gathered in the pit below. According to the statistics, most of these pits litter the stool from the latrine into the ground, causing the drinking water to be polluted. One problem of flush latrine is that more than 95% of its sewage content still reaches the ocean through rivers of any treatment.
Don’t for Bio Toilets –
- Don’t throw Plastic Bottles, Diapers, Sanitary napkins in bio-toilets.
- Always do Flush Bio-toilets.
- Don’t throw newspaper, poly bags, Gutka pouches, empty packets of food items like chips that people generally take while traveling.
It is expected that after reading the above-given article, it can be said that the increasing use of bio-toilets is not only eco-friendly, but it also requires further time to come. So be aware.